This site is dedicated to providing an insight into Health and Nutrition.
Perhaps you will take on board some of the information and find it of value in your everyday life.
So why is nutrition, (the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth), so important to everyone?
In order to maintain good health throughout our lives, nutrition is a paramount factor. If you do not have the required nutrition then you can expect to be more liable to contracting both minor and major disease. Other worrying aspect are the very real possibilities of your physical and mental development being impaired, and not least reduced productivity.
Your fuel for life is the nutrition from the food you eat and drink, nutrition provides so many benefits to you, boosting your immune system, physically and mentally (this is most appreciated by the sportsmen and women among us, enhancing performances), in an age when looks are of great importance in life, nutrition delays ageing, protects teeth and gums, fights against and prevents disease, gives energy to live your life and not least maintains a healthy weight.
Nearly all diets will work short term, many with undesirable side effects, but how long does the weight loss last? Weight yo yo’s as soon as you stop the diet and usually more weight is put on than lost! Good nutrition is the alternative if you never want to diet again.
Do not make the mistake of thinking that all nutrition and foods are always good for you excess is nearly always detrimental. Malnutrition (that is to say over and under nutrition) is a huge problem globally.
From a lack of the necessary energy, protein or micro nutrients required by the body for good health, known as protein-energy malnutrition.
Micronutrient deficiencies occur when the body lacks one or more micro nutrients resulting in deficiencies which usually affect growth and immunity e.g. anaemia (iron deficiency)
Causes of under nutrition: lack of knowledge, fad diets, disease and illness, life cycle changes, poverty, inadequate diets…
Signs of under nutrition:
o Unplanned weight loss
o Weak muscles and/or loss of muscle
o Feeling tired all the time
o Low mood
o Increase in illnesses or infections
o Slow recovery from illness
o Failure to grow at the expected rate
o Changes in behaviour such as appearing unusually irritable, sluggish or anxious
• 842 million people globally, mostly in developing countries suffer from under nutrition and 1 in 3 child deaths are related to under nutrition
• Iron deficiency anaemia can occur when the body has a lack of red blood cells or haemoglobin to transport oxygen to the cells of the body – most common cause lack of iron in the diet
• Consequences include: fatigue, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, pallor and breathlessness
• Those at risk include: Infants > 6months and toddlers, menstruating women, pregnant women, vegetarians, diets lacking in Vitamin C, people with malabsorption or pathological blood loss
• Iron rich foods include: dark leafy greens, eggs yolks, broccoli, poultry, quinoa, red meat, shellfish, grains, dried fruits, lentils
• Vitamin C helps the body absorb iron more efficiently
Over nutrition can lead to: Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease
• The causes of Obesity (“abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health”) are numerous and complex and include:
• Obesity health implications include: stroke, heart disease, pancreatitis, female disorders, arthritis, inflamed veins, gout, cancer, gallstones, liver disease, lung disease, sleep apnoea
• Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce any/enough insulin or when the body cannot use the insulin that it produces
• There are 2 primary forms of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2
• Symptoms include: frequent urination, excessive thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, extreme tiredness, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing cuts…
• Cardiovascular disease is a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and is the number 1 killer globally.
• Risk factors include: unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use, excessive alcohol, genetics,
• An unhealthy diet + an inactive lifestyle can lead to elevated blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipids as well as overweightness or obesity. This can indicate an increased risk of developing a heart attack, stroke of heart failure
• A healthy diet and lifestyle can help to treat and prevent Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease.
Good nutrition is extremely important to us all.